What is the internet?
“The internet is a massive network of networks, it connects millions of computers together globally, forming a network in which any computer can communicate with any other computer as long as they are both connected to the internet. information that travels over the internet does so via a variety of languages known as protocols.”
many applications run on the internet., the most popular one world wide web, some of the rest a FTP, Email, Usenet, news groups, instant messaging, etc.
There are no owners for the internet. However, these networks should be developed and maintained by the providers (ISP/IAP). Therefore those who provide network connectivity we can call them (Internet service providers) have to change individuals/organizations when they want to access the internet through their network.
History of the internet
The internet began as a research project funded by ARPA. Researchers studied ways to interconnect computers that use various kinds of networks. The name internet refers to both the project and the prototype network system that researchers built.
it is an open system because the specification needed to build TCP/IP software or use the internet available to everyone.
Researchers who devised the internet published technical information in the series of reports that describe the internet and the TCP/IP software is uses. for historical reasons, each document in the series is labeled Request For Comments (RFC).
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